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How Does Your Endocrine System Work?

Written By Jill Mondell 08 Jan 2019

If your endocrine system isn't healthy, you might have problems developing during puberty, getting pregnant, or managing stress. You also might gain weight easily, have weak bones, or lack energy because too much sugar stays in your blood instead of moving into your cells where it's needed for energy.

How Does Your Endocrine System Work?
Read below to learn about Your endocrine system! It includes all the glands and organs in your body that make and regulate hormones. These chemical messengers play a key role in making sure your body works the way it should.

If your endocrine system isn't healthy, you might have problems developing during puberty, getting pregnant, or managing stress. You also might gain weight easily, have weak bones, or lack energy because too much sugar stays in your blood instead of moving into your cells where it's needed for energy.
human endocrine system infographic
Key Parts:⁣

The hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and pineal gland are in your brain. The thyroid and parathyroid glands are in your neck. The thymus is between your lungs, the adrenals are on top of your kidneys, and the pancreas is behind your stomach. Your ovaries (if you're a woman) or testes (if you're a man) are in your pelvic region.⁣

Hypothalamus: This organ connects your endocrine system with your nervous system. Its main job is to tell your pituitary gland to start or stop making hormones.⁣


Pituitary: This is the "master" gland of your endocrine system. It uses information it gets from your brain to "tell" other glands in your body what to do. It makes many different important hormones, including growth hormone; prolactin, which helps breastfeeding moms make milk; and luteinizing hormone, which manages estrogen in women and testosterone in men.⁣

Pineal: This gland makes a chemical called melatonin. It helps your body get ready to go to sleep.⁣

Thyroid: This gland makes thyroid hormone, which controls your metabolism. If this gland doesn't make enough (a condition called hypothyroidism), everything happens more slowly. Your heart rate might slow down. You could get constipated. And you might gain weight. If it makes too much (hyperthyroidism), everything speeds up. Your heart might race. You could have diarrhea. And you might lose weight without trying.⁣

Parathyroid: This is a set of four small glands behind your thyroid. They are important for bone health. The glands control your levels of calcium and phosphorus.

Ovaries / Testes

The male and female reproductive organs release hormones responsible for blood circulation, mental vigor, and sex drive. The ovaries secrete estrogen and progesterone, which play a key role in the health of the female reproductive system. The testes secrete testosterone, which is vital for physical development, bone density, and libido in males

Pancreas

This aids in the digestion of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Also is responsible for the production of insulin and glucagon, which regulate the level of glucose in the blood.

Adrenal Gland

Produces hormones that allow the body to react to stress, such as adrenaline and cortisol.

Hormone Health and Wellness of the Palm Beaches strives to improve the lives of its esteemed patients through a variety of services. Interested in TRT? Click Contact Us, call 844-824-9989  or just DM us on Instagram @HormoneHealthWPB

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